6063 Aluminum: Get to Know its Properties and Uses
Alloy selection plays an important role in your aluminum extrusion project.
6063 aluminum is the most popular alloy for extrusion and so it is a natural consideration. This alloy is widely used in architectural applications. Because of this, it is often referred to as architectural aluminum.
It is a medium strength alloy, which is used for applications such as railing, window frames, door frames, roofs, balustrading, sign frames, shop fittings, irrigation tubing, building products, electrical, marine, piping, recreation equipment, storage tanks, truck frames & trailers.
This alloy is often extruded in tubing and channels for use in architectural projects.
Here are Some General Characteristics of 6063
This alloy features medium strength, with good corrosion resistance, weldability, and workability. It also is fairly machinable. Download a PDF of its characteristics and material properties.
|Weldability & Brazability||Good|
By tempering this alloy, greater strength can be achieved.
Material Properties of 6063-T5, 6063-T6, 6063-T832 Aluminum
Some of the most common tempering options for this alloy are T5, T6, and T832.
Physical Properties of 6063 Aluminum
Here we can see the density of the alloy. Note that there is no difference in density between the T5, T6, and T832 tempers.
|Density||2.70 g/cc | 0.0975 lb/in³||2.70 g/cc | 0.0975 lb/in³||2.70 g/cc | 0.0975 lb/in³|
Mechanical Properties of 6063 Aluminum
Here we can see the tensile strength, yield strength, and modulus of elasticity for both the T4 and T6 tempers.
|Tensile Strength||186 MPa | 27000 psi||241 MPa | 35000 psi||290 MPa | 42000 psi|
|Yield Strength||145 MPa | 21000 psi||214 MPa | 31000 psi||269 MPa | 39000 psi|
|Modulus of Elasticity||68.9 GPa | 10000 ksi||68.9 GPa | 10000 ksi||69.0 GPa | 10000 ksi|
Thermal Properties of 6063 Aluminum
Here we can see some thermal properties of the alloy including the coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity. The T5, T6 and T832 tempers are included.
|Coefficient of Thermal Expansion @ 20.0 - 100 °C Temp||21.8 μm/m-°C | 12.1 μin/in-°F||21.8 μm/m-°C | 12.1 μin/in-°F||21.8 μm/m-°C | 12.1 μin/in-°F|
|Thermal Conductivity||209 W/m-K | 1450 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F||200 W/m-K | 1390 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F||200 W/m-K | 1390 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F|
Now, you may be wondering about the composition of the 6063 alloy.
Chemical Composition of 6063 Aluminum
This alloy is part of the 6000 series of alloys. As such, its major alloying elements are magnesium and silicon. Magnesium is added to increase strength, while the silicon is added to reduce the metal’s melting temperature. Here we can see the guidelines for the chemical composition of 6063 aluminum.
|Element||Minimum %||Maximum %|
|Other Elements||No Min||0.05 each0.15 in total|
Now that we’ve seen the chemical composition of 6063, let’s talk about how the alloy compares to some other key options.
Comparing 6063 Aluminum to Other Alloys
The 6063 alloy is the most common for extrusion, but you may be considering other options for your particular application. Below are some other common alloys that are often considered as alternatives.
6063 vs 6061
These two alloys are the most popular for extrusion, with 6063 occupying the number one spot and 6061 aluminum in position number two. Both are part of the 6000 series and are alloyed primarily with magnesium and silicon. As such, they possess many of the same qualities. They offer similar corrosion resistance, weldability, and workability. They can both be used in a wide variety of applications.
One key difference is that 6061 is the stronger of the two, and in the T6 temper its strength is approximately equal to structural steel. As such, it is often used for structural applications. One advantage of 6063, on the other hand, is that it’s easier to form into complex shapes with smooth surfaces. It is also very suitable for anodizing.
6063 aluminum is the most common choice for extrusion with its excellent extrudability, high corrosion resistance, and ability to be formed into complex shapes. It is often used for architectural applications because of its nice appearance an acceptable strength.
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